My experience is different from Hameedullah's.
As HE said, the inrush current will depend on the "voltage per unit at the time of energization" and of course, the residual flux in the core from when in the cycle the xfm was de-energized. There are several papers available on transmission inrush. Most agree the inrush will be at the maximum 1 out of 6 energizations.
Consider the energization circuit model:
The following is from:
https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/the-worst-transformer-inrush-current-occurs-when
4. Source impedance
Higher source impedance relative to the transformer size limits the current that the transformer can pull from the system. The peak inrush current with significant source impedance (Westinghouse Electric Corporation, 1950) is defined as:
I(peak) = i(0)/(1 + i(0)X)
- i_{0} – peak inrush current without source impedance in per unit of the transformer rated current
- X – source impedance in per unit on the transformer kVA base
Other factors have less significance. The load on the transformer does not significantly change the inrush. For most typical loading conditions, the current into the transformer will interrupt at points that still leave about 70% of the peak flux on the core.
So, yes, the cable impedance will be in series with the source impedance and will reduce inrush
carl
Edit to fix the mess into an equation showing the change in peak loading
Third edit attempt to show the equation for the effect of source/cable impedance on inrush current (*^*&^%%@!*&#)